Ca 19 20s - 1930s. For offer, a very nice old fishing decoy! Fresh from an old prominent estate. Never offered on the market until now.
Vintage, Old, Original - NOT a Reproduction - Guaranteed! This came out of an old house in Naples, NY - on Canadaigua Lake. I was told it was used as a decoy.
Very nicely made - not flimsy, but quite heavy duty, durable metal, with holes on top and bottom fins. Could be considered a piece of Folk Art. Not sure of age, but would estimate ca.Please see photos and scans for all details and condition. If you collect 20th century Americana sports history, American sporting, fishing, handmade, etc. This is a nice lot for your paper or ephemera collection. Genealogy research importance as well. Some fish decoys could be classified under Fish Sculptures or Fish carvings; however, a large number of fish decoys are not in the shape of a fish. Frogs, ducks, insects, beavers, mice, snakes, crayfish, turtles, and rabbits are just a few of the animals that have been used as decoys to attract a hungry fish to the fisherman. In the classical sense, a fish decoy is an object that is used to attract a predator fish. However, fish decoys have also been used to attract sturgeon. The reasons why sturgeon are attracted by decoys is a point of discussion, as it may be competition based (thinking another fish has found some food that the sturgeon might want) or might be reproductive - or just something as simple as plain curiosity.
Fish decoys are primarily used when Ice fishing with spears, although fish decoys have been employed during "normal" (non-ice) fishing to attract fish to where a fisherman may have placed several baited lines. Most common forms of fish decoys are weighted and attached to a line.The line is often attached to the roof of the shanty, some other stationary object, or a jigging stick. The fisherman will then swim or "dangle" the decoy to attract a fish in close enough to spear. Another form of decoy that is sometimes used is called a floater. This type of fish decoy is not weighted, but is attached to a weight that holds the decoy at the desired depth. There are other fish decoys which have one or more hooks attached.
In Minnesota, and some other states, these decoys are illegal and are referred to as "cheaters". In Michigan, a hooked decoy is legal and is simply counted as one of the number of lines that each angler is allowed to employ.
These decoys are used since some species of fish, such as pike, are very aggressive and will attack the decoy. The application of hooks provides an additional method to ensure the catch. Fish decoy carving dates back to the time of Native Americans who would often carve decoys out of wood, bone, or antlers. They would lie out on the ice and use the decoys to attract a fish.
Modern ice fishermen will often use an ice shanty, which is sometimes also called a darkhouse or fish house, to protect themselves from the elements while fishing. In modern times, fish decoys have been carved and collected for their artistry.
Fish decoys are now considered a form of folk art and have garnered a growing following in recent decades. Many decoy carvers have also carved items to be used in decoratingsuch as plaques, vases, paddles, and carvings of other animals. Masters of the art form are too numerous to name, but a few examples in any list would have to include: Gordon Charbeneau, Abe De Hate Sr, Gordon Pecore Fox, Hans Janner Sr. David Forton, Yock Meldrom, Larry Joseph Peltier, Oscar W Peterson, William Jesse Ramey, Tom Schroeder, Harry Seymore, Andy Trombley, and Ted Van DeBossche.
These carvers (and numerous others) are considered vintage master carvers because their work predates the modern collector phase of Fish decoys. Their carvings were primarily intended as tools to aid the fisherman in harvesting fish to help feed their families. Some other master carvers are considered Transitional since they began carving fish decoys before the collecting phase began in earnest (during the 1980s). Once collecting fish decoys became popular, these carvers continued to make decoys both for the fishermen and the collector. A list of well-known transitional carvers would include: George Aho, Vern Baggs, Jed Blain, Mark Bruning, Hans Janner Jr.
David Forton, Jim Nelson, Ernie Peterson, Bud Stewart, Floyd Bruce, John Eddy, Marvin Mason Jr. Of course, this list is far too short to include all of the influential carvers who fit into this category. Contemporary carvers are those who primarily started carving after the 1980s. Some of their work is primarily targeted towards the collector market, yet a number of their pieces are still used in the practice of ice fishing.
Also, some artistssuch as an art teacher in Brainerd, Minnesota, featured in the JanuaryFebruary 2009 issue of the Minnesota Conservation Volunteer Magazineare developing the next generation of fish decoy makers. Ice fishing is the practice of catching fish with lines and fish hooks or spears through an opening in the ice on a frozen body of water.
Ice fishermen may fish in the open or in heated enclosures, some with bunks and amenities. Ice fishing on the Ottawa river, near the capital of Canada. Snail shelters for wakasagi Ice fishing on the Lake no, near Mount Akagi, Maebashi, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Longer fishing expeditions can be mounted with simple structures.Larger, heated structures can make multiple day fishing trips possible. A structure with various local names, but often called an ice shanty, ice shack, fish house, shack, bobhouse, or ice hut, is sometimes used. These are dragged or towed onto the lake using a vehicle such as a snowmobile, ATV or truck. The two most commonly used types are portable and permanent. The portable houses are often made of a heavy material that is usually watertight. The two most common types of portable houses are those with a shelter that flips behind the user when not needed, or pop up shelters with a door as the only way out. The permanent shelters are made of wood or metal and usually have wheels for easy transport. They can be as basic as a bunk heater and holes or have satellite television, bathrooms, stoves, full-size beds and may appear to be more like a mobile home than a fishing house. In North America, ice fishing is often a social activity. Some resorts have fish houses that are rented out by the day; often, shuttle service by Snow Track or other vehicles modified to drive on ice is provided. In Finland, solitary and contemplative isolation is often the object of the pastime. In Finland, fish houses are a rare occurrence, but wearing a sealed and insulated dry suit designed with space-age fabric is not. In North America, portable houses appear to create a city at locations where fishing is best. Ice fishing gear is highly specialized. An ice saw, auger or chisel is used to cut a circular or rectangular hole in the ice. The size of the hole depends on the type of fish sought, generally suggested is 8 inches (20 cm). Power augers are sometimes used. If these tools are not available, an axe may be used to chop the hole. A skimmer, a large metal spoon with holes in it, is used to remove new ice as it forms and to clear slush left from making the hole. During colder periods most ice anglers choose to carry a heater of some type. The heater is not only for warmth but also for keeping an angler's fishing hole from freezing. When temperatures fall to -20 °F (-29 °C) or colder it becomes very hard to keep a fishing hole open.
Three main types of fishing occur. The first is using a small, light fishing rod with small, brightly coloured lures or jigs with bait such as wax worms, fat heads or crappie or shiner minnows. The angler sits at the hole in the ice and lifts the pole every now and then, producing the jig effect. The second is using tip-ups, which are made of wood or plastic, and have a spool of line attached, with a thin piece of metal that goes from the spool to the flag.
Black line is put on the spool and a swivel is placed at the end of the black line. Then a piece of fishing line with a hook is attached to the swivel. Worms, power bait, grub worms or small minnows are placed on the hook. The hook with bait is placed into the water under the ice.
The depth that the bait is placed goes according to several theories. One theory is the bait is placed one meter under the ice. The second is that the bait is placed two to three metres under the ice. The third is that the bait is suspended one foot (30 cm) above the bottom of the lake. When the fish strikes the bait the flag is lifted which notifies the angler that he has a fish on the hook.
The angler pulls the line in and the fish fights. The angler will allow the line to slip through his hands during the struggle. Finally, when the angler can get the fish's head into the hole in the ice, the fish is quickly lifted onto the ice.This allows for less-intensive fishing. The third method is spear fishing. A large hole is cut in the ice and fish decoys may be deployed. The angler sits in a dark ice shanty called a dark house. The angler then peers into the water while holding a large spear which has four or five points. A line can be attached to the points. The fisherman waits for fish to appear, then plunges the spear into the water. This method is often used for lake sturgeon fishing. In the United States many states allow only rough fish to be taken while spear fishing.
Becoming increasingly popular is the use of a flasher, similar to its summer cousin the fishfinder. This is a sonar system that provides depth information, as well as indicating the presence of fish or other objects. These flashers, unlike most typical fishfinders, display the movement of fish and other objects almost instantaneously. The bait being used can often be seen as a mark on the flasher, enabling the angler to position the bait right in front of the fish. Underwater cameras are also now available which allow the user to view the fish and observe their reaction to the lure presentation.
Clubbing is an old method seldom used today, mainly used on burbot, the fisherman walks on clear ice in shallow water and sees a large fish through the ice and with a large club which he or she slams into the ice, the shockwave hits the fish and it is temporary paralyzed, which gives the fisherman time to cut a hole in the ice to collect the fish. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message). Ice fishing methods have changed drastically over the past 20 years.
The name of the game is mobility for todays modern ice anglers. The days of drilling hole, waiting and hoping that a fish will swim by, are starting to fade.With light gear, battery-operated sonar units, and fast and powered augers, an angler can conceivably drill and check hundreds of holes in a single day. When the fish stop biting where they are, anglers can move to the next hole, checking it with their sonar first to look for activity, and if there are no fish they will keep moving until fish are found.
This "fish where the fish are" technique and ease of mobility increases the catch rate of any angler, because it minimizes the wait between bites, similar to "trolling" in summer. Anglers can now use many available maps and surveys to help pinpoint lakes and areas within those lakes that make sense to try for specific fish, noting those locations in latitude and longitude coordinates. They are then able to use a handheld GPS receiver to aim them to those spots, usually with accuracy of less than 20 feet. Ice anglers then drill holes with whichever auger they have, checking the ice thickness for safety as they go. Using sonar, the angler can determine the depth of the water, bottom content, weed and structure cover, and even see if there are fish there.Also, by using sonar, they can place the bait according to where they think the fish are. If they are using "tip-ups" they can carpet the area at different depths and with different presentations (the number allowed being determined by local laws) and see what is the most productive. Modern ice anglers can also use modern reels mounted on shorter (18"-36"/4590 cm long) fishing rods to actively fish by watching, by using their sonar, where their lure is relative to the fish, and jig accordingly to entice a bite.
Ice fishing can be done at any time of day, and is typically most active around dusk and dawn. Different fish are active at different times of day, so anglers need to fish for them accordingly. There are fish houses large enough and comfortable enough to spend many days in a row out on the lake, fishing the entire time. One can even fish in one's sleep, by using audible alarms on one's lines to tell when a fish is biting.There are also many lightweight and highly mobile portable shelters that mount on plastic sleds and collapse for transportation. These can vary from small, one-person shelters (commonly called "Fish Traps") to large and complex shelters able to fit up to 6 people at once. Illustration of ice fishing in Norway circa 1904. Many anglers will go out with 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) of good ice for walking, but the recommended is 4 inches (10 cm), 56 inches (1315 cm) for sleds (snow machines, snowmobiles), 712 (1830 cm) for light cars, and 1416 inches (3641 cm) for full-sized trucks. Thinner ice in areas with swift surface currents are a significant hazard.
Offshore winds can break off miles-wide pans of ice, stranding large numbers of fishermen. Just such a circumstance occurred in Lake Erie in February 2009, with 100 fishermen having to be rescued by helicopters, local authorities, and the Coast Guard. One man who had fallen into the water died on the rescue flight.  On March 28, 2013 as many as 220 ice anglers were trapped on break-away sea ice floes in the Gulf of Riga (Latvia), necessitating a full-scale rescue operation which employed helicopters and hovercrafts.
A similar operation, usually of lesser scale, is typically required each year due to anglers' recklessness. Late-winter warm spells can destroy the texture of the ice, which, while still of the required thickness, will not adequately support weight. It is called "rotten ice" or soft ice and is exceedingly dangerous. Some ice anglers will continue to fish, since even with the bad ice normally 8 inches (20 cm) is more than enough.
Fisherman may carry a self-rescue device made of two spiked handles connected by a string to pull themselves out of the water and onto the ice. Many cars, trucks, SUVs, snowmobiles, and fish houses fall through the ice each year. Current environmental regulations require the speedy recovery of the vehicle or structure in this situation. Divers must be hired, and when the trouble occurs far from shore, helicopters may be employed for hoisting.
Participants of large Finnish ice fishing competition Miljoonapilkki in 2005. Ice fishing contests offer prizes for the largest number of fish caught within a limited time period, many offer a prize for the biggest fish caught as well. The current world's largest contest is held on Gull Lake, north of Brainerd, Minnesota, in January of each year.
The contest has over 15,000 anglers and drills over 20,000 holes for the contest. Lake Simcoe in Canada has abundant cold water fish such as lake trout, herring and whitefish.
It is sometimes known as Canada's ice fishing capital. In Hwacheon, South Korea, a large ice fishing festival is held every January.
 The Ice Festival draws nearly a million visitors every year,  and thousands of people have taken part in a contest to catch fish in a frozen Hwacheoncheon(a tributary of the Han River). Canandaigua Lake /kænndew/ is the fourth largest of the Finger Lakes in the U. The City of Canandaigua is located at the northern end of the lake and the village of Naples is several miles south of the southern end. Traveling west to east in the Finger Lakes region, it is the first of the major Finger Lakes (or coming from east to west, it is the last major Finger Lake).
The name Canandaigua is derived from the Seneca name spelled variously Kanandarque, Ganondagan, Ga-nun-da-gwa, or in a modern transcription, tgandæ:gwh, which means "the chosen spot", or "at the chosen town". Canandaigua Lake is 15.5 miles (24.9 km) long, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide, and has a shoreline of 35.9 miles (57.8 km). Near the northern end is Squaw Island.
About fifty percent of the surrounding land is in forest, but most of the remainder is under cultivation. Of 35.9 miles (57.8 km) of shoreline, 34.7 miles (55.8 km) (97%) are private and 1.2 miles (1.9 km) (3%) are public. Canandaigua Lake is known for its water quality.
The lake is the sole source of drinking water for the town and city of Canandaigua, located on the northern end of the lake, in addition to serving the communities of Rushville, Newark, Canandaigua, Palmyra, and Gorham township as their main public supplier of water.  In April 2013, the drinking water was entered into a competition held by the New York section of American Water Works Association, in which it was voted the best drinking water in New York State.  The lake's water is well-oxygenated, allowing fish to live in both shallow and deep areas.The water is also very clear, allowing visibility of the bottom up to 30 to 50 feet (9.1 to 15.2 m) below the surface. Main article: Squaw Island (Canandaigua Lake). Squaw Island is located at the north end of the lake. It is the smallest Fish and Wildlife Management Area in New York State and one of only two islands in the eleven Finger Lakes. The Seneca recall that the island was used to hide the Seneca women and children during the Sullivan Expedition against the Six Nations of the Iroquois in 1779. The island exhibits an extremely rare form of carbonate of lime forms deposits on pebbles (conglomerate). It is a feathery light rock which is calcified from algae filtered by sand and pond scum.
The rock, locally called "water biscuits", is hard in the water but crumbles if allowed to dry out. In recent years the island has been eroding rapidly from the forces of ice, wind, water currents and development changing the wave patterns. In 1977, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation installed a cedar log buffer around the island to help preserve it.
Its size, approximately two acres (0.81 ha) in 1853, shrank by 75% in 162 years, to about 0.25 acres (0.10 ha) in 1971. Today only 55 feet (17 m) by 145 feet (44 m) of the island remains. A newly formed group called the Squaw Island Preservation Society has raised citizen support to protect the island and its unique place in science and local history, after state officials said they would no longer maintain it. Work on the preservation was completed in Summer 2001.The first steamboat in the Finger Lakes region was the Enterprise, which was launched in 1825. Canandaigua Lake's steamboat era ran from 1827 with the launching of the Lady of the Lake and ended in 1935 when the Idler discontinued passenger service. There were fourteen major boats that provided commercial service on Canandaigua Lake. Today, the Canandaigua Lady, a 19th-century replica of a double-decked paddleboat, continues this tradition. The Native Americans and white settlers signed the Treaty of Canandaigua just north of the lake. This parchment, which is in the Memorial Museum, has the names of a number of famous Indian chiefs including Red Jacket, Cornplanter, Handsome Lake, Farmer's Brother, and Fish Carrier. The lake is a popular second home destination for families from nearby Rochester, New York, as well as other parts of the Northeast.
The lake has been well documented as the second most expensive lake front property in the United States (behind Lake Tahoe). Canandaigua Lake State Marine Park is located in the City of Canandaigua on the lake's north end. It offers a boat launch for powerboats and fishing access from May to mid-October. Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park is located near the north end of the lake. County Road 12 into Naples (town), New York at the south end of the lake, which is known for its views of the lake and is a favorite of fall travelers.Also along the road is the new South Bristol Overlook. The Canandaigua Wine Trail, which is a collection of wineries, breweries, bed & breakfasts, hotels, attractions, shops, and restaurants around Canandaigua Lake.
The Canandaigua Lady, a double-decker paddle wheel boat and steamboat replica that offers public cruises on Canandaigua Lake from May through October. The lake is home to a few species of salmonids (lake trout, brown trout, rainbow trout), largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, chain pickerel, and panfish, including yellow perch, blue gills, pumpkinseed, rock bass, black crappie and bullheads.  Carp can be found near public access points and close to stream beds filtering into the lake. Bowfishing and spearfishing is strictly prohibited on the lake.
Fisherman can sometimes be seen hooking mudpuppies, a large member of the salamander family that live their lives entirely underwater and feed on crayfish, small fish, and snails. They can grow to up to 16 inches (41 cm) in length and have gills that protrude from outside of their bodies. Four public access points are located on Canandaigua Lake. Five marinas are located on Canandaigua Lake and offer boat storage, sales, rentals, and provide boat access.Sutter's Marina and Seager Marine are located at the north end, German Brothers Marina on the west side of the lake, Pelican Point Marina on the east side, and Smith Boys at the south end. Humphrey Bogart spent several summers at his parents' Canandaigua Lake cottage when he was a boy. Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople. In contrast to fine art, folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic.  Folk Art is characterized by a naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective are not employed. As a phenomenon that can chronicle a move towards civilization yet rapidly diminish with modernity, industrialization, or outside influence, the nature of folk art is specific to its particular culture. The varied geographical and temporal prevalence and diversity of folk art make it difficult to describe as a whole, though some patterns have been demonstrated.  On the other hand, many 18th- and 19th-century American folk art painters made their living by their work, including itinerant portrait painters, some of whom produced large bodies of work. Terms that might overlap with folk art are naïve art, tribal art, primitive art, popular art, outsider art, traditional art, tramp art and working-class art/blue-collar art. As one might expect, these terms can have multiple and even controversial connotations but are often used interchangeably with the term "folk art". Folk art expresses cultural identity by conveying shared community values and aesthetics. It encompasses a range of utilitarian and decorative media, including cloth, wood, paper, clay, metal and more. If traditional materials are inaccessible, new materials are often substituted, resulting in contemporary expressions of traditional folk art forms. Folk art reflects traditional art forms of diverse community groups ethnic, tribal, religious, occupational, geographical, age- or gender-based who identify with each other and society at large.
Folk artists traditionally learn skills and techniques through apprenticeships in informal community settings, though they may also be formally educated. Antique folk art is distinguished from traditional art in that, while collected today based mostly on its artistic merit, it was never intended to be'art for arts sake' at the time of its creation.
Examples include: weathervanes, old store signs and carved figures, itinerant portraits, carousel horses, fire buckets, painted game boards, cast iron doorstops and many other similar lines of highly collectible "whimsical" antiques. A folk art wall in Lincoln Park, Chicago. Many folk art traditions like quilting, ornamental picture framing, and decoy carving continue to thrive, while new forms constantly emerge. Contemporary folk artists are frequently self-taught as their work is often developed in isolation or in small communities across the country.  The Smithsonian American Art Museum houses over 70 such artists; for example, Elito Circa, a famous and internationally recognized folk artist, developed his own styles without professional training or guidance from the masters.
Folk artworks, styles and motifs have inspired various artists. For example, Pablo Picasso was inspired by African tribal sculptures and masks, while Natalia Goncharova and others were inspired by traditional Russian popular prints called luboks. The item "RARE Vintage c 1920s Spearing Ice Fishing Decoy Lure Metal Folk Art Fish" is in sale since Tuesday, January 22, 2019. This item is in the category "Sporting Goods\Fishing\Vintage\Lures". The seller is "dalebooks" and is located in Rochester, New York.
This item can be shipped worldwide.